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George Louis Gumprech, Licensed victualler and photographer in London

All information kindly supplied by Stephen Barratt

GL Gumprech was born in Germany in 1833 and came to London in May 1856. He was a publican and a photographer (which is why I'm researching him, to date a photo he took of an ancestor of mine). He was employed by the river police to take photos of corpses who were fished out of the Thames for identification purposes and it is possible that he took photos of some of the early ripper victims (certainly the photographer who took over his studio did) - don't worry, my ancestor was alive and kicking when his photo was taken.

On 12th June, in 1865, George Louis Gumprecht marries Elizabeth Ann Marden. He is an artist of 11 Cannon street road, his father is listed as an optician, her father a mariner.
He was the landlord of the Rose & Crown at 51 the Highway by February 1871

The Clerkenwell News of Thursday 09 February 1871 lists him as taking over the licence from Anna Margreta Sehrt

the 1871 census has:
George Gumprech, head, married, aged 38, Licensed Victualler, born Hannover
Elizabeth A Gumprech, wife, married, aged 22, born St Georges in the East
Beatrice M Gumprech, daughter, single, aged 1, born St Georges in the East
William Shute, Servant, single, aged 20, waiter, born Stepney
Christine Damm, Servant, unmarried, aged 38, cook, born Germany

On the 10th December 1871, Dorothea Louisa Gumprecht is baptised; born in November. George Louis Gumprech is a Licensed victualler at 203 St George street.

The Era of Sunday 19 October 1873 lists him as transferring the licence to Henry Brickman

The 1876 directory lists Louis Gumprech as a photographer at 11 Cannon street road, and again in 1879 and in 1883. At this latter time, George Ludwig Gumprech is also listed at the Jolly Sailor. By 1891, a Joseph Martin is the photographer at 11 Cannon street road.

On the 25th April 1880, William Larsen Gumprecht is baptised; born on the 4th April. George Ludwig Gumprech is a photographer at 182 St George street.

As you know, he appears at the Jolly Sailor on the 1881 census

The eldest daughter Beatrice is buried aged 12 in November 1882 at Tower Hamlets cemetery.

Bell's Life in London and Sporting Chronicle of Saturday 01 March 1884 includes the following passage:
"make our way to the Jolly Sailor, the principle dancing house on the Highway. Well, there is nothing remarkable about the establishment, or our reception thereat... Mr Gumprecht, the landlord, comes from the inner to the outer bar, and especially welcomes my fellow cruiser. They hare met before. Mr Gumprech is Hanoverian who speaks English perfectly. Mrs. G. is English. We pass through into the dancing-hall at the back, which is on the same floor; in fact on a keel with the street. At the either end there is a bar surmounted by orchestra, and surrounding the oblong space, devoted to dancing, close the wall, there is raised platform, which provided with seats."

The East London Observer of Saturday 16 October 1886 has:
"The Jolly Sailor" must be Jolly.
On Wednesday, at the 'Middlesex Sessions House ' Gumprecht, of the Jolly Sailor, St. George street, East, who was unable to appear on the last occasion in consequence of the death of his wife, withdrew his application for a licence for dancing, and applied for a music licence only. Witnesses were called to prove that dancing had been carried on, one of them stating that he had seen fourteen or fifteen couples dancing in a space 12ft square. (Laughter.)—The applicant, in answer to the Bench, at first declined to undertake to prohibit dancing. He had done all he could to prevent it by screwing down the tables on the floor and limiting the unoccupied apace. But it would be necessary for him to take a big stick and stand in the middle of the room. (Laughter). The sailors resorting to his house would dance. He was bound to provide them with some amusement. When songs were given the French could not understand the Dutch, as his customers were of all nationalities. He engaged men to "tumble a bit" for them, but there must be intervals. He had been compelled to re-engage a baud, for the sailors did not like an orchestrion which he had purchased for a large sum. Ultimately, it having been shown that the house was well conducted, and the applicant engaging to do his beet to prevent dancing, a licence for music was granted.
He then moves to The Kings Oak Hotel in High Beech, Epping Forest

The Essex Newsman of Saturday 03 March 1888 lists an application for the transfer of the licence from from Mr Hyams to Mr Gumprecht - the magistrates granted the transfer but noted that the police report was not entirely satisfactory and that the house would be closely watched
The Essex Newsman of Tuesday 15 October 1889 describes his application for a dancing licence for the Kings Oak, in addition to the music licence he already has - but it turned down, as "the class of people who go there would be exceedingly objectionable"
Kellys Directory of 1890 lists him at the Kings Oak
The 1891 Census has at the Kings Oak:
George Ludwig Gumprech, head, widow, aged 68, Lic Vic / Hotel Keeper, born Hannover, Germany, Naturalised
L W E Gumprech, son, married, aged 27, Gas fitter, born London
Dora Gumprech, daughter, single, aged 29, Hotel manageress, born London
W Larsen Gumprech, son, single, aged 20, Engineer gun maker - fitter, born London
Lily Gumprech, daughter, single, aged 16, born London
along with 10 servants working in the bar and hotel

The Sporting Life of Monday 04 May 1891 describes GL Gumprech opening a new cycling and athletic track at the Kings Oak

The Middlesex Gazette of Saturday 22 July 1893 describes GL Gumprech of the Kings Oak being sued by a cyclist who was using the track and was injured when Gumprech's dog ran onto the circuit

The London Evening Standard of Wednesday 22 July 1896 describes him being sued again by another user of the track who had an accident

The Tower Hamlets Independent and East End Local Advertiser of Saturday 15 May 1897 suggests that GL Gumprech of the Kings Oak, High Beech "has been left a large sum of money - about £90,000."

The London Daily News of Monday 12 July 1897 lists GL Gumprech of the Kings Oak as a burglary victim

The Post Office Directory of 1900 lists him at the Kings Oak

There are numerous mentions of him hosting cycling events at the Kings Oak, including in:

Sporting Gazette - Saturday 30 July 1898

The Referee - Sunday 29 April 1900



East London Observer - Saturday 03 August 1901

GL Gumprech died on 1 May 1908 and was buried at High Beech on 8 May 1908

His probate records him as of The Kings Oak Hotel, and lists his son Ludwig William Edward Gumprech (Lic Vic) as one of the executors
GL Gumprech appears to have used Ludwig and Louis interchangeably - in the 1885 PO Directory there is one listing for "Gumprech, Louis, photographer, 11 Cannon Street Road" and one for "Gumprech, George Ludwig, 'Jolly Sailor' PH, 182 St George St". However, the newspaper report of his wife's funeral describes her as "the wife of the well known photographer and licensed victualler" so I'm sure it's one and the same man.

The Fulham Chronicle of Friday 16 August 1907 lists his son, Frederick Gumprecht as living at the Kings Oak - a woman who had worked as a cook at the Kings Oak sued him for maintenance of her illegitimate child, saying that Fred was the father. The case was subsequently dismissed.

Ludwig William Edward Gumprech, Louis WE Gumprech and Louis Edward Marden are all the same person - one of the sons of GL Gumprech. "Marden" was the maiden name of GL Gumprech's wife and several of the children adopted it (I suspect at the time of the first world war).

LWE Gumprech stays on at the Kings Oak after the death of his father - the East London Observer of Saturday 21 August 1909 describes a outing taken to the Kings Oak, High Beech by the East End Tradesmen's Association catered for by Mr Gumprech.


LWE Gumprech's divorce papers of March 1914 list him as Lic Vic living at the Kings Oak, High Beech

The Chelmsford Chronicle of Friday 28 May 1915 reports the death of one of LWE Gumprech's sons at the front and lists him at the Kings Oak, High Beech.

The Albert Casanova Ballard Marden & Peter Purne Marden at the Plough & Harrow, 435 High Road, Leytonstone E11 are two grandsons of GL Gumprech, both sons of Ernest Peter Gumprech / Marden. Ernest Peter Gumprech was a rent collector for a property tycoon called Albert Casanova Ballard - which presumably explains the name of his son.

* Provided by Stephen Barratt

And Last updated on: Monday, 04-Jan-2021 11:45:13 GMT