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Stratford 1886 Trade Directory

History of Stratford in 1886

Stratford History index

Stratford (or Stratford Langthorne), the ford of the street or Roman way from London to Colchester, within the Northern division of the new Parliamentary borough of West Ham, is a suburb of London, and lies on the east side of the navigable river Lee and on the Great Eastern railway, whence the Colchester; the Cambridge; the Blackwall and North Woolwich;  the Woodford and the Tilbury and the Southend lines of railway diverge: there are three stations, viz., Stratford Central station, Stratford Market and Maryland Point. It is 3¾ miles from Shoreditch, and is a ward of the parish of West Ham, in the union of that name, and within the jurisdiction of the Central Criminal Court and Metropolitan Police, in the Bow County court district, rural deanery of Barking, archdeaconry of Essex and diocese of St Albans, and Eastern Metropolitan postal district. It is united to Stratford le Bow, in Middlesex, by a bridge over the river Lee. Tramways are laid down from the Broadway to Aldgate and from the Broadway to Leytonstone and on the Romford Road to the ‘Princess Alice’. Stratford is included in the local board district of West Ham.


St Johns is an ecclesiastical parish, formed in 1844 from the mother parish of West Ham; the church situated in the centre of town, where the main road from the east of London diverges towards Romford and Leytonstone: was built in 1834 as a chapel of ease to the parish of West Ham, and became a parish church about 1859; it is a building of stone and brick in the early English style, and was erected at a cost of £23,000; of which £18,000 was raised by subscription, and the remainder advanced on security of the rates; the church consists of chancel, nave, aisles and a western tower, containing 1 bell. The site was given by the late Lord Mornington, then Tylney Long Wellesley Pole, esq. of Wanstead, and T Humphreys esq. , lords of the manor: there are sittings for 1,000 persons. The register dates from the year 1859. The living is a vicarage, so constituted in 1868, nett yearly value £310 in  the gift of the vicar of West Ham, and held since 1881 by the Rev Raymond Percy Pelly, M A of Trinity College, Cambridge. The area is 301 acres; the population in 1881 was 13,502.

 Christchurch is an ecclesiastical parish, formed in 1852 from the mother parish of West Ham; the church, situated in High Street and erected in 1851, is a building of stone in the Decorated style, consisting of chancel, nave, aisles, and a western tower with spire containing 1 bell. The register dates from the year 1852. The living is a vicarage, gross yearly value £304, with residence,  in the gift of trustees, and held since 1878 by the Rev Charles William Servante. The area is 405 acres; the population in 1881 was 9,710.

 Stratford New Town, formerly called Hudson’s Town, is a part of Stratford, adjoining the Angel lane railway station. In this district are the works of the Great Eastern railway, employing upwards of 3,000 men.


St Paul, Stratford New Town, was formed into an ecclesiastical parish from the mother parish of West Ham, in 1865. The church, situated in the Maryland Road, is a plain brick building, consisting of apsidal chancel, nave, aisles, and a turret containing 1 bell. There are sittings for 1,250 persons, half of which are free. The register dates from December 10th, 1864. The living is a vicarage, nett yearly value £200, in the gift of five trustees, and held since 1877 by the Rev William Spencer MA of Hertford College, Oxford. The area is 236 acres; the population in 1881 was 13,243.

There is a Presbyterian church in Leytonstone Road.

 The Catholic church of St Francis of Assisi, erected at a cost of £6,000, and opened May 12th 1868: is a rectangular building in the Italian style, with a small tower over the porch containing 1 bell and  will seat 400.

 The Congregationalist, Baptists, Primitive Methodists, United Free Methodists and Wesleyans have chapels here.

 The Town hall, situated in the Broadway, Stratford, is a building of stone and brick in the Italian style, from designs by Messrs L Angell and J Giles, and was opened July 7th, 1869 by Sir Thomas Western, lord lieutenant of the county. In 1886 the building was greatly enlarged and entirely re-decorated; the large hall on the first floor will hold 1,000 people and has retiring rooms attached to it: there is also a minor hall or board room on the ground floor. The façade towards the Broadway, 102 feet in length,  has two principal storeys, from which in front of the entrance is projected a colonnade of rusticated work, rising into a spacious balcony supported on columns and terminating in a balustrated parapet, with groups of statuary; above this is a supplementary storey similarly treated : to the right of the main building is a well proportioned tower 100 feet in height, crowned by a  coved domical roof, supporting a small turret and vane: the principal front is of stone, the portico and other portions being adorned with polished columns of red granite: this building is occupied by the officers of the local board, engineer and surveyor, vestry clerk and of various local collectors; on the west side is a fire brigade, and a new building has been erected at the back for the use of the inspector of nuisances and his staff, and includes a residence for the superintendent of the fire brigade.

 In 1881, John Rowland Phillips esq. was appointed Metropolitan police magistrate for the West Ham local board district. The Court house, situated in West Ham lane, in the rear of the Town Hall, was erected by the local board and opened November 9th 1886; it is a building of picked stone cornices and dressings, from designs by Mr Lewis Angell, architect, and comprises a court room, magistrates and clerks offices and retiring rooms, solicitors and public waiting rooms, lavatories and caretakers apartments, together with offices for the police and cells for the prisoners.

 The Martyrs’ Memorial, erected in St Johns churchyard in 1879 by public subscription “to perpetuate the principles of the Reformation and to commemorate the deaths of 18 Protestant martyrs, burned in this neighbourhood for the pure faith of Jesus Christ”, is a hexagonal structure of stone and terra cotta, in the Early English style, raised on a similarly shaped platform of four steps; each of the six sides is surmounted by a boldly projecting canopy, supported on clustered shafts, and above all rises a ribbed spire, terminating in a finial, encircled by a crown, the whole being 65 feet high. One of the sides is adorned with a sculptured panel reproducing a plate in Foxe’s Martyrology, representing the burning of 13 of these martyrs at Stratford, on the site of the present churchyard, on Saturday, June 27th, 1556; the remaining sides bear inscriptions including the names, ages, social position and date of execution of all the martyrs commemorated; Mr J T Newman was the architect.

 The local board have established a local fire brigade which consists of 1 chief superintendent and 20 men, 3 fire stations and 4 escape stations; they are distributed as follows:-

No 1 station (Stratford) with a steamer, manual hose cart and escape, 1 officer and 7 men; No 2 station (Barking Road) with a steamer, hose cart and 2 escapes, 1 officer and 8 men; No 3 station (Forest Gate) with a hose cart and escape, 1 officer and 3 men. A fire escape is also stationed at Plaistow Broadway.

 On the river Lee are flour mills, chemical and print works, artificial manure factories, soap and candle works, vesta and match manufactories and distilleries. A market for vegetables, fruit, roots and straw, has been established, by the Great eastern railway company, adjoining the Stratford Bridge Station, and warehouses and sidings have been constructed for the development of trade in vegetables from the Eastern counties

 The population of the Stratford ward in West Ham local district in 1881 was 38, 636 and is now (1886) estimated to be 43,400; rateable value about £172,000.

 The Cistercian abbey of Stratford Langthorne was founded here by W Montfichet in 1134 and dedicated to St Mary and All Saints;, the abbot was a lord of Parliament, and the income at the Dissolution was £573 15s 6d. : there are now no remains of the building, except perhaps at the Abbey Mills. George Edwards, the naturalist, was born here 3rd April, 1693 and was buried here on 23rd July, 1773.

 Sexton (St John), John Saunders.


Official Establishments, Local Institutions etc

Post & Money Order & Telegraph Office, Savings Bank & Government Annuity & Insurance Office, branch of Eastern district, Martin Street.

Post & Money Order Offices & Savings Banks, 288 Romford Road – William Stock, receiver; 137 Romford Road -  Charles William Curtis, receiver; Market Place, Leytonstone Road, New Town – Robert Canham, receiver; 1 Francis Terrace, Crownfield Road – C Brain, receiver; 133 Leytonstone Road – Pryer & Middleton, receivers; 64 High Street – John Osborne, receiver; 271 High Street – John Lines, receiver; Leyton Road, New Town – John Butler, receiver; 170 Maryland Road – Sidney Thomas Fisk & Co, receivers.

Pillar Letter Boxes, Broadway; Maryland Point; & at Stratford & Stratford Bridge railway stations


County Magistrates for Becontree Petty Sessional Division

Barclay Henry Ford esq, Monkhams, Woodford, chairman

Birt Col George Robert esq, 82 Romford Road , Stratford

Buxton Edward North esq, Knighton House, Woodford

Cook Edward Rider esq, High Street, Stratford

Crossman James Hiscutt esq, The Brewery, Mile End, London

Fowler William esq, Cecil House, Barking

Green Frederick esq, Hainult Lodge, Chigwell Row

Howard Elliot esq, Walthamstow

Howard Col Samuel Lloyd

Johnson Andrews esq, Woodford Green

Kindersley Captain E N W, Old Clock Hose, Wastead

Lister Arthur esq, Leytonstone

Makins Col William Thomas MP, Lowther Gardens, Prince’s Gate, London SW

Morgan E T esq, Bleak House, Wanstead

Powell Nathaniel esq, Buckhurst Hill, Woodford

Read John Francis H esq, Woodford

Reynolds Robert Barclay esq, Woodford

Savill Philip esq, Woodlands, Chigwell Row

Spicer Albert esq, Woodford

Spicer James esq, Woodford

   The parishes in the division are : Barling, Chigwell (part of), Dagenham, East & West ham, Little Ilford, Leyton, Walthamstow, Wanstead & Woodford.

Clerk to the Magistrates, H Shekell Haynes, Romford

Petty Sessions are held every day at the Court House, Great Eastern Road, at 9.30 am & sat at 11 am


West Ham Local Board.

Offices, Town hall, Broadway

Members of the Board

Church Street ward

Rivett George (chairman)

Harris George

Helmore Wm

Jones George

Maw James

Morley John


Stratford ward

Hay George

Jex Edward

Knight Thomas

Mitchell Adam

Smith Frederick

Tharp Wm Ant


Plaistow ward

Adamson Michael

Barry Henry

Fielder Robert

Hooper Wm Hy

Worland Henry

Worland James


Delegates from the Dagenham Commissioners

Drew Rich Philip, Howard Saml Lloyd, Meeson John


Clerk, Frederic Edward Hilleary MA, ML, Romford Road

Treasurer, Charles Henry Davis

Medical Officer of Health, Thomas Drake, 207 Romford Road

Engineer & Surveyor, Lewis Angell C E, The Grove

Assistant Surveyor, John Alexander Angell, Town Hall

Building Inspector, T H Raiman, Town Hall

Chief Sanitary Inspector, William Horn, 26 The Green

Dust Foremen, Henry Clench, 1 Dunmow Road north; Denson Smith, 82 First Avenue, Plaistow

Inspector of Nuisances, William Evans, 29 Hudson Road, Canning Town; Thomas Smith, 83 Amity Road; David Stollery, Vale Cottage, Deanery Road; Geo Douglas, Tidal Basin

Collectors, Thomas Watton, 31 Romford Road; J J Richardson, 31 Suffolk Street, Forest Gate; Frederick James Norrie, 1 Adelbert Villas, Upton Lane; John Kendall, 2 Lime Villas, Howard’s Road, Plaistow


Insurance Agents: -

Gritish Empire, N C Coates, 7 Park Villas, Ilford Road

Commercial Union, Henry Pardue, London & Provincial Bank; & Fowler Bros, 244 High Street

County Fire, G Gwinn, 7 The Grove; P T Little, 372 High Street; & Septimus Morris

London Assurance, C E Smith, Harrow Bridge House; W B Press, 30 Huxton Road; * E B Turquand

Norwich Union Fire, Wm L Hart, Disraeli Road

Phoenix Fire, G More, 267 Romford Road; Henry Morris Tickell, 3 Martin Street; Henry Clements Winney, Litchfield House, 13 Romford Road; Casselton Bros, Phoenix Wharf; Richard Baker Sim, 5 Ham Frith Road, Romford Road

 Royal Exchange, H Hyde, 40 Buxton Road, R Martin, Woodford Wells; & H White, 2 St Johns Terrace

Queen, G W Miller, Elm saide, Deanery Road

Sun fire, J Rivett, High Street

Westminster Fire & Life, Geo Edgar Morgan, 9 Albert Road, Forest Lane; & I Maw, Margery Park Road



Essex (1st) Artillery Volunteers (comprising 10 batteries), head quarters of the brigade & Nos. 3 to 7 & 9 & 10 batteries, Romford Road; Samuel L Howard, colonel; William Brooks, lieut-col; Edmund Garret, major; Capt T Moore RMA adjutant; J Dowsett, quarter-master; John B Kennedy & Rae Corbet, surgeons; Sl Evans, acting surgeon; Rev Wm Spender MA acting chaplain

 Essex Regiment, 3rd Volunteer Battalion, comprising A,B,C,D,E,F,G & H companies, Baron von Pawel Rammingen KCB lieut-col; Geo R Birt, lieut-col & hon-col; J Bellinghan, major; Major W H T Smee, adjutant; James W Danager, surgeon; C W Bass, acting surgeon; Rev Canon Thos Scott MA hon chaplain; A co Capt J H Brady; B co Capt W A Allison; C co Capt S G Allison; D co Capt W S Heaton; F co Capt P R Savill; & H co Capt G H D Birt, drill Hall, Vicarage Lane

 Essex Regiment, 4th  Volunteer Battalion, B company, Walter Lenox, sergeant instructor, orderly room, 19 Cedar’s Road



Public Establishments

   Inland revenue Office, The Grove, T E Bell, surveyor of taxes; Thomas Jones & James Anderson, supervisors

Metropolitan Police Station, West Ham Lane. The forde stationed here consist of 4 inspectors & 135 constables

Police Court for the West Ham Local Board District, John Rowland Phillips esq magistrate; W J Bruty esq (solicitor), chief clerk, 6 Tokenhouse Yard EC; W H Fowler esq (solicitor) & W J Attwater, assistant clerks

Town Hall, Broadway, Charles Iyan, keeper

West Ham Burial Board, Jeremiah Self, clerk, Broadway

West Ham Fire Brigade, Station, Broadway, E Smith, superintendent


Public Officers

Vestry Clerk, Geo Alfred Sedgwick, Town Hall, Stratford

Clerk to the Burial Board, Jeremiah Self, The Grove

Clerk to the West Ham Board of Guardians & the Assessment Committee, Frederic Edward Hilleary MA ML, Town hall, Broadway

Collector of Poor rates, William Hopkins, 6 Manbey Grove

Collector of water Rate, Charles P Hurann, Disraeli Road

Medical Officer, 1st West Ham Union, John Burnett Hamilton, 63 Leytonstone Road

Medical Officer No 2 West Ham District & Public Vaccination, West Ham & Forest Gate Districts, West Ham Union, Walter Atkins Grogono, 216 High Street

Medical Officer & Public Vaccinator, West Ham, No 3 District, West Ham Union, Alfred Edmund Kennedy, 9 Broadway

Public Vaccinator for Stratford, Thomas James Vallance MD, 27 Romford Road

Regristrar of Births & Deaths, Stratford Ward Sub-District, Thomas James Vallance MD. 27 Romford Road

Registrar of Marriages, F E Hilleary, Town Hall

Relieving Officer, No 1 District, West Ham union, J Carter, Grove Cescent Road, Stratford

Relieving Officer, No 5 District, West Ham union, Henry Bryett, 44 Idmiston Road

Superintentandant registrar, Frederic E Hilleary MA ML Town hall; deputy, John James Mulley, Florence Villa, Water lane


Place of Worship

St Johns Church, Broadway, Rev Raymond Percy Pelley MA vicar: 11 am & 6.30 pm; weekdays 8 am & 7.15 pm

Christ Church, High Street, Rev Charles William Servante, vicar; 11 am & 3 & 6.30 pm; thurs 8 pm

St Pauls Church, Maryland Road, New Town, Rev William Spencer MA, vicar; 11 am & 3.30 & 6.30 pm; daily 8 pm; saints days 9 am

St Stephens Church, Cedar’s Roa, 11 am & 6.30 pm

St Johns Mission Chapel, Chant Square; 11 am & 8.30 pm; wed 7 pm

Catholic Church of St Francis of Assisi, Grove, Crescent Road, Rev Brenand Butti; Rev Alfred McLaughlin; Rev Thaddeus Hermans; Rev Francis Verhagen,  priests; 8,9,10 & 11 am & 6.30 pm; daily 6.30, 7 & 8 am; tues, wed, thur & fri 8 pm

Trinity Presbyterian Church, Leytonstone Road, Maryland Point, Rev Geo Wilson MA, minister; 11 am & 6.30 pm

Baptist, Carpenters Road, Rev George Head Towner; 11 am; 6.30 pm; wed 7.30 pm

Baptist, Gurney Road, Rev John Hunt Lynn, minister; sun 11 am & 6.30 pm; wed 7.30 pm

Baptist, Major Road; Rev T Maycock, minister; sun 11 am & 6.30 pm; thurs 8 pm

Baptist , the Grove, Rev J H Banfield, minister; 11 am & 6.30 pm; mon & wed 7.30 pm

Congregational, Romford Road; Rev Robert Nobbs, minister

Congregational, Grove Crescent Road, Rev James Knaggs, minister; 11 am & 6.30 pm; thurs 7 pm

Congregational Mission Room, Leyton Road, New Town, 7 pm; wed 7.45 pm

Primitive Methodist, Chapel Street; 11 am & 6.30 pm; thurs 7.30 pm

Primitive Methodist, Major Road, New Town, Rev G Smith, pastor; 11 am & 6.30 pm; wed 7.30 pm

United Methodist, Bridge Road; ; 11 am & 6.30 pm; mon 7.30 pm

Wesleyan, The Grove ; 11 am & 6.30 pm; wed pm

St Alethia (Reformed), Park Avenue, Rev Thomas Crow; 11 am & 6.30 pm; wed 8 pm

Salvation Army Barracks, Angel Lane




A school Board of 15 members was formed for the parish of West Hm in 1871; offices, Broadway; Jeremiah Self, 69 The Grove, clerk to the board; C W Carrell, accountant; Henry Madden, inspector

West Ham School Board, offices, Town hall; clerk, Jeremiah Self: architect, J T Newman, senior assistant clerk, C W Carrell; superintendent of visitors, Henry Madden


Board Schools: -

 Carpenters Road (mixed), built in 1884, for 1,244 children; average attendance, about 900; James A Coombs, master; Miss Mary Bull, mistress

 Channelsea Road (mixed & infants), built in 1872, for 402 children; full average attendance; Philip Poltock, master; Miss Emiline Miller, mistress; Miss Alice Hovell, infants mistress

  High Street (mixed & infants), built in 1871, for 557 children, full average attendance;  Jesse William Smith, master; Miss Alice Macmillan, mistress; Mrs Harriet Francis, infant mistress :

Maryland Point (mixed & infants), built in 1880, for 1,317 children;  full average attendance;  William Crouch, master, Miss Amelia Woods, mistress; Mrs Lucy Elizabeth Shaw, infants mistress

Colegrave Road (mixed & infants), built in 1882, for 1.077 children; full average attendance; Charles Buckingham, master; Miss R Smee, mistress; Miss S E Finney, infants mistress

Abbey School, Abbey Road (mixed & infants), built in 1880, for 1664 children; average attendance, about 1,450; John E Denn, master; Miss Annie M Ware, mistress; Miss Sophis Stevens, infant mistress

North Street (mixed & infants), for 784 children; Wm Pickworth, master; Miss Riley mistress; Mrs Woabank, infants mistress

Salway Road (mixed), for 903 children; average attendance, 900; D Webbs, master; Mrs M Rees, mistress


 Stratford School of Art, 8 Leytonstone Road; Mrs Harriet Taylor, mistress

British (girls ), Stratford & West Ham (mixed & infants), Bridge Road, built in 1851, for 400 children; average attendance, 360;  Miss Jane Norton, mistress; Miss Harriet Cherry, infants mistress

St Johns National (mixed), Chant Square, built in 1872 for 900 children; average attendance, 700; Henry John Millard, master; Miss Gabriella Stirling, mistress; Mrs Marian L Brasieur, infants mistress

Christ Church (National), High Street, Mrs Emily Moorman, mistress

National), Chart Square, Henry John Millard, master; George Housden, assistant master; Miss Gabrilla Stilly, mistress; Mrs Marian L Brasuer, infants mistress

St Pauls National, Maryland Road ( mixed), for 1,000 children; average attendance, 830;  Henry Heather, master;; Mrs Elizabeth Goodwin, mistress;, Mrs Maud Allen, infants mistress

Catholic (mixed), Grove Crescent Road, James Gillis Cockburn, master

Free Ragged, Chapel Street, for 139 children, average attendance, 122; Alfred Jennings, master; Miss Bessie Jennings, mistress;  Miss Mary Ann Ettridge, infants mistress



Essex Times & Romford Telegraph, 20 Broadway, Wilson & Whitworth, proprietors (published Wednesday & Saturday)

Stratford Express, 20 Broadway, Wilson & Whitworth, proprietors & publishers (published on Saturdays)


Railway Stations:-

Central, Station street & Angel Lane, Henry Clark Francis, station master

Maryland, Samuel Woods, station master

Stratford Bridge, Bridge Road, Isaac John Pryke, station master


Conveyance to London:-

Tramway cars from Broadway to Aldgate every five minutes from 7.30 am to 11 pm; from Broadway to Leytonstone every fifteen minutes from 8 am to 10 pm; tramway from Broadway to ‘Princess Alice’, Romford Road

 Carriers to London : - William Bushman & R Sholl pass through West Ham, daily. Carriers from Ilford, Romford, Barking, Plaistow, Woodford & Leytonstone pass through daily.