A listing of historical public houses,
Taverns, Inns, Beer Houses and Hotels in London. The
London listing uses information from census, Trade
Directories and History to add licensees, bar staff, Lodgers and Visitors.
The Society of Licensed Victuallers began in 1793 as a friendly society for
the mutual benefit of publicans, and the relief of members of the licensed
victualling trade and their families. It was incorporated by royal charter
in 1836. A daily newspaper, the Morning Advertiser, was soon established to
promote its interests. In 1802 the Society set up a school in Kennington
Lane for boys and girls of deceased or impoverished fellow traders in
1833, for example there were elections for twenty boys and ten girls to be
admitted to the school. Its aim
was to prepare the children for good apprenticeships or household positions.
The school moved to its present site in Ascot in the 1980s.
Licensed Victuallers Association in 1809,
again in 1819, again in
1822, more in
1823 and lastly in January
1827. Lots more further down ....
The Licensed Victuallers' Asylum was formed in 1826 to relieve poor and aged
members of the licensed victualling trade and their wives or widows.
were built shortly afterward on six acres of freehold land lying just off
the Old Kent Road. The asylum was renamed the Licensed Victuallers’
Benevolent Institution in 1921 and it appeared in Post Office
directories until 1960. Its later history is unknown.
To put this in slightly more context, I am tracing some of the Hollyman
names which appear both as applicants for schooling, and also as benefactors
through the first fifty years, usually as licensed victuallers. I already
have unanswered questions, e.g. what ages were they invited to attend, were
they always orphaned children, and were they full boarders. I will answer
these questions as I clarify the position.
In September 1839, there is an election for forty new members for the
Licensed Victuallers school, being 20 boys and an equal number of girls. at
the top of both lists of successful applicants is a Richard Hollyman and
also a Jane Hollyman. The 1841 census for the Licensed Victuallers school
lists Jane, aged 11; Richard Hollyman aged 13; and also Jas Hollyman aged
10. Interestingly, Jane is a barmaid at the Bridge House tavern, Lambeth by
In September 1847 there is an election for new boys and girls to the school.
This is for 15 boys and 10 girls. The children are referred to as of decayed
members of society, but latterly refers to the guardians or parents of those
successful. At the top of the girls list is an Elizabeth Hollyman, she
appears to have applied a previous time, as the votes from a previous and
unsuccessful application are added to those of this election,
A search in the 1851 census finds Elizabeth Hollyman, now aged 13, and
resident as an inmate at the school. There is also a younger George
Hollyman, aged 10 in 1851 at the school ( he is elected in 1848 on his
second application), and at the same time as an Henry Hollyman joins the
school. The 1851 census lists 60 boys, and 52 girls at the school. These two
Hollyman appear to be the children of a Thomas and Jane Hollyman (previous
of the Black Raven,
Bishopsgate), who is the slightly older brother of Richard Hollyman. Both
Hollyman brothers are born in Bierton, Buckinghamshire. Thomas Hollyman was
a subscriber in at least 1827 to the Licensed Victualler Association; as are many other Hollyman family
members over the years.
As you will notice, there is also a major addition to the records which exist
linking an licensee to a particular address or public house, e.g. here is an example of lists of those linked to the
LV Association in 1862; and an earlier
In 1825, a book exists which lists all current and life time members of
the Licensed Victuallers Association. Here is a start to this, and relevant
links to the many public houses and taverns they are licensees of.
EFG ; 1825
HIJ ; 1825 KL
OPQR ; 1825
S ; 1825 TUVWY
I have split the 1827 Licensed Victualler Asylum subscribers into part
1, part 2,
part 3 and part 4
being about 1000 Licensed Victualler Association subscribers.
Here is the first part of the
1830 Licensed Victuallers Association meeting.
The 1831 Licensed Victuallers Association meeting.
In August 1832, a fairly small
listing, although it us tends to be split across newspaper pages.
A listing of Licensed Victualler Association subscribers in
1833, where Richard Hollyman is listed at the
; and then just one month later in
August 1833, we have an another listing.
Licensed Victualler Asylum contributors
are listed here in two parts 1834 part 1 and
1834 part 2
Thomas Hollyman is listed at the
In April 1865, the current and past stewards
of the Licensed Victualler Asylum are listed.
In 1867, we have a list of nearly 1000 subscribers to the Licensed
including Henry Hollyman and his wife Christiana at the
Greyhound, and James Hollyman at the
1867 part 1 ;
1867 part 2 ;
1867 part 3 ;
1867 part 4 and
1867 part 5
By July 1869, there are no fewer than six subscribers, from the Hollyman
family, to the Licensed Victualler Asylum, i.e. :
Henry Hollyman (Steward),
Greyhound, 9 Henrietta street, Brunswick square
Richard Hollyman (Steward),
Nags Head, Holloway Terrace, Holloway
Richard Hollyman (Pawnbroker), High street, Lewes, Sussex
Robert Hollyman, Eight Bells, 347
Mare street, Hackney
Mrs Sarah Hollyman, 1 Medina
place, Seven Sisters road
Thomas Hollyman (Governor), White
conduit House, 14 Barnsbury road
Here are the five hundred subscribers, listed alphabetically in 1869,
including the six Hollyman family members
1869 part 1, 1869 part 2,
1869 part 3,
1869 part 4
Here is a short description of some of the inmates from about
1874; the book spends a lot of time telling
the history of the LV Asylum, and then touches briefly on some of the sadder
tales, with a note about how important a bit of LV Insurance is!
And a description in 1874 from an advertisement in the Licensed Victuallers
and Hotel Keepers Directory :
Licensed Victuallers Asylum Asylum Road, Old Kent Road
Instituted 1827. Incorporated by Royal Charter, 6 Vic., 1842.
Patron his Royal Highness The Prince of Wales
THE ASYLUM CONSISTS OF ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTY SEPARATE HOUSES,
Chapel, Chaplains Residence, Board and Court Room, Library, etc, And is the
most extensive Institution of a Trade character in existence. Every
Contributor to the Institution who may afterwards fall into decay, has a
right to become a Candidate for admission into the Asylum (providing the
circumstances of his or her case meet the requirements of the Rules of the
Institution), and when elected, to occupy one of the Houses, likewise to
participate in the gratuitous supply of Coals, and entitled to a weekly
allowance in Money, besides being provided by the Institution with Medical
Advice, Medicine, &c. Many recipients of the Societys bounty have enjoyed a
happy home in the Asylum for A QUARTER OF A CENTURY, and received in weekly
allowances as large on amount as FOUR HUNDRED AND Fifty POUNDS.
LIFE DONORS ARE ENTITLED,
For the sum of Five Guineas, and under Ten, to Two Votes at
every election of Inmates.
,, ,, Ten Guineas, and under Twenty, Four Votes do.
,, ,, Twenty Guineas, and upwards, Five Votes do.
Multiplied by Ten, being the average number of vacancies that occur in the
ANNUAL SUBSCRIBERS, For One Guinea Annual, One Vote. And a Vote for
every Additional Annual Guinea.
As the ANNUAL expense exceeds £7,000, the Board most earnestly appeal to the
Trade and the eminent Firms connected therewith for a continuauce of the
support that has been accorded to the Institution for many years past.
Subscriptions thankfully received by the Chairman and Board of Management as
Hallett, Mr James, Mitre Tavern, 125 Chancery lane EC
Fowles, Mr. William, Star, 38 St. Johns Wood terrace N.W.
Coles, Mr. Charles John, White Conduit House, 14 Barnsbury road N.
Hudson, Mr. George, Grapes, 45 Strand W.C.
Gabb, Mr. Henry, Rosemary Branch, 2 Shepperton road, Islington, N.
Buck, Mr. Charles, White Hart, 296 Strand, W.C.
Meekham, Mr. Thomas, 62 Halton road, Islington N.
Bass, Mr. Edward Richard, Charterhouse Hotel, 61 Goswell road, E.C.
Bartlett. Mr. William, Blue
Posts, 6 Tottenham court road, W.
Bayfield Mr. Doily Scott,
Roebuck, 293 Kennington road, SE.
Cope, Mr. Henry Robert, Pitts
Head, 1 Old street, St. Lukes. E.C.
Thompson, Mr. Charles,
Princess of Wales, Mornington road, New cross, S.E.
Ayres, Mr. Mark, Dock House
Tavern, 293 East India Dock road, E.
Underhill, Mr. William Henry, Hand in Hand, 67 High Holborn, W.C.
Salisbury, Mr. Edward,
Three Crowns, 8 East road, City road, E.C.
Edbrooks, Mr. James, Volunteer, 28 Upper Baker street, Marylebone, W.
Lane, Mr. John, Wellington,
196 Goswell road, E.C.
Hay, Mr. Samuel. Colonial Dining Rooms, 20 Gracechurch street, E.C.
Pope, Mr. Charles James, Albert Hotel, 11 Craven road, Westbourne terrace,
Page, Mr. Nicholas. Duke of Clarence, Langley place, Commercial road East,
Hill, Mr. Masterman H. W., Jolly Anglers, Lea Bridge, E.
Beadle, Mr. William. Cabin, 79 Rochester row, Westminster, S.W.
Phipps, Mr. Robert,
Winchester Arms, Sonthwark street, S.E.
The past Chairman and other past Officers, the Auxiliary Committee, and
ALFRED L ANNETT, 67 Fleet Street, E.C. Secretary.
**** Provided By Kevan